Water is undoubtedly the essential liquid on the planet. Water is necessary for regulating body temperature and for the functioning of the body. It aids in digestion, absorption, excretion, blood circulation and is needed by almost all the parts of the body. There is no evidence required to prove its worth, but the onset of the search for the existence of life on the planet Mars after the discovery of traces of water is one explicit evidence highlighting the role of water in originating and sustaining life.
However, in the modern era, misuse of water, growing population, industrial development, and environmental degradation have polluted the groundwater and freshwater resources. Tap water is unable to meet the drinking water quality standards. Therefore, water purifier has become an absolute necessity rather than a luxury.
You can contact the trusted RO service provider and the executive will explain to you the importance of a water purifier, but here is some basic knowledge that you need to know:
What Do Water Purifiers Do?
All the different kinds of water purifiers can be installed in your homework on the same mechanical principle. They suck up the contaminated tap water, filter out all the impurities, and then dispense clean drinking water.
Water may contain 3 different kinds of contamination and that is
- Physical Contamination- Physical contaminants like dirt and dust particles are not very dangerous for consumption but can impact the physical appearance of water
- Chemical Contamination- Chemical contaminants like nitrogen, bleach, metals, salts, pesticides, etc. pose a risk to human health. They may increase cancer risk and reproductive problems and can impair the eye, liver, kidney, and other body functions
- Biological Contamination- Biological contaminants include microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and parasites, which are the causative agents of diseases like typhoid, diarrhea, polio, rabies, etc
Different Stages Of Water Purification System
Usually a water purification system has different stages, below we have elaborated them in details
The first stage is the Sediment Filter. This mechanical filter, made from fabric, ceramic, metal screens, or paper, is used to remove dirt, silt, and clay particles from the water. Generally, a domestic water purification system uses replaceable paper filters. Sediment filters can trap contaminants of size range between less than 1 micron to about 70 microns. Generally, a sediment filter is used as a pre-filters in various water purification systems and along with the removal of various contaminants, it also protects RO membranes.
The second stage is the Carbon Filter. The five microns activated carbon block filter is the best among the available varieties. Carbon, being positively charged, is able to attract negatively charged impurities like chlorine, organic chemicals, bad taste, and odor. It can purify contaminants of the size ranging between 50 microns to 0.5 microns.
The third stage includes Membrane Filtration. It uses membranes to remove particles from water. In this process, suspended solids contaminations are removed but the dissolved solids remain in the water. The membrane filtration process is operated under pressure or vacuum. Different materials of membranes can purify contaminants of the diverse sizes range.
The fourth and last stage is the Ultraviolet chamber. During the ultraviolet disinfection, water is passed through a horizontally placed UV chamber in which it is subjected to UV light, which kills all microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and thus the water is sterilized.
Call on the nearest water purifier service store number for an in-depth explanation of the purification process.
What Kind Of Purifier Is Best For Your Family?
To find what kind of purifier is fit for you, you need to know the TDS of your tap water. TDS, standing for Total Dissolved Solids, represents the total concentration of dissolved solids in the water. These solids contain inorganic salts like calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, carbonates, nitrates, chlorides, and sulfates, etc., and a small amount of organic matter. Iron, zinc, copper, iodine, magnesium, phosphorus, etc. are some essential minerals that we get from water. Since TDS also contains some essential minerals, therefore we need to maintain a certain level of the total dissolved solids. According to the World Health Organization, 100-300 TDS is ideal for consumption. Anything below or above this technology-based is non-ideal. However, TDS above 900 is considered dangerous for human use.
Now you need to check the TDS of your tap water with the help of a TDS meter, which is readily available online. If the TDS comes out to be less than 300 mg/L, then UF+UV is the ideal technology for your tap water to be purified. UF or ultra-filtration can purify the minor turbidities. If the TDS comes out to be between 300-900 mg/L, then NF+UV is ideal for your household. Nano Filtration can filter nanometer-sized impurities. If the TDS is more than 900, then RO+UV can be installed. A reverse osmosis technology based water purifier is significant enough to eliminate all kinds of contamination present in the water thus it brings the purest drinking water for consumption.