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Do you know about the basic components of staircase and different types of floors?

Do you know how stairs are constructed?

As you all know a stair is a combination of steps in different forms or shapes within the building that helps in connecting the one portion of the building to the other portion.The area where the stair is located is referred to as a staircase.. Our Famous Builders in Coimbatore make the best staircase in your commercial or residential place.

Building the staircase

After the erection of the foundation, the next stage in the construction of the House can be either of the following two options. The stairs is useful as it can serve as the pathway to the upper floors for carrying building materials. A staircase is a utility construction, designed to bridge a vertical distance, for example between two floors.

Planning a staircase

Earlier, the staircase was just a utility feature in a house, but now it is gaining importance as a central, focal point in interiors. Infinite options have been made possible by creative engineering and design, including curved, cantilevered, spiral, or suspended structures made of steel, glass, timber, copper, or aluminium.

Shape of the staircase

Some of the different shapes of staircases are Straight,  Stairs with  landings,  Curved,  Arched,  Spiral,  Circular. When choosing the shape of the staircase, the following aspects should be taken into account:  Space available, Intensity of usage, Form (Shape) preferred, Convenience and safety.

Designing a staircase

The following considerations must be made into the design of the staircase because it is constantly utilised to access other floors, ensuring a comfortable climb.

Split staircase

It is always preferable to have a ‘Split staircase’ also known as a ‘staircase with a landing’ as it forces the climber to rest, pause for a few seconds, thus making the climb more comfortable. A split stairway also uses up minimal floor space. There are many different types of staircases-with-landings such as the Straight staircase with landing, L-shaped, double L-shaped and U-shaped staircases.

Staircase width

The width of each flight of the staircase should be 3′ or 3’6″.  If space restricts, then you can compromise with a 2’6″ wide flight.

Tread-To-Riser ratio

Usually stairs have 10″ or 11″ treads (the horizontal step on which you place your feet) and 6″ or 7″ risers (the vertical height between treads). It is important to make sure the total of the tread and riser should add up to 17 inches. This means that as the tread gets shorter, the riser should get steeper for the stair to feel comfortable as you climb. There are limits, of course. A riser of more than 8¼ inches is going to be too steep for many people.

Consistent treads and risers

If you stumble or trip on a staircase, it is probably due to an odd tread or riser that is not the same size as the others. Our bodies get into a rhythm when climbing or descending, and even half an inch of difference can throw us off. So while planning a staircase, keep in mind the extra thickness of the flooring (that will be added later), while calculating the riser and tread dimensions.

Ceiling Height

On the way up, people will bump their heads if the ceiling is too low. On the way down, it’s hard to judge ceiling height, so people will duck if it looks too close. To prevent this, as much ceiling height as possible should be given. The distance from the highest tread below a ceiling should be at least 80 inches, or 6 feet 8 inches.


Staircase drawings

The Contractor has to follow the staircase drawing given by the architect along with the structural staircase details prepared by the structural designer. The construction of the staircase depends on the design and materials used.

Slight slope of tread

The treads should very slightly slope towards the front for comfort in climbing and to make sure that the rainwater in open staircases does not stagnate and will flow out.

Grooves in treads

It is advisable to have 2 or 3 groove marks along the length of the tread towards the outer edge, to give proper grip to the climber. Grooves can be cut in the flooring material. It is used to cover the steps – whether it is Kadappa or Granite.

There are a lot of stairs designs available in the design books and on the Internet when people decide to install the stairs in their homes or offices, they often consult with their colleagues, relatives, friends, and neighbors. Everyone makes their house with surprising architecture. People spend a lot of money to make their house wonderful in front of every one according to their pocket. And Our Construction Company offers you everything in one place within your budget requirements.

In this blog, everyone gets to know the different types of stairs with its pros and cons that will help you in choosing the better way with our Best Construction Company.

Different Types of Stairs

There are varieties of stairs structure that you can construct in your home or any building at affordable prices. These are as follows:-

Straight Stairs

These are the oldest and most commonly used staircase in both the residential or commercial areas. Our Construction Company builds this staircase easily. This staircase has a single path of steps without turning point between the steps. It connects the ground portion to the upper portion of the building. It is just like a ladder.

L- Shaped stairs

The L shape staircase is a deviation of straight stairs with the bending point after a few steps in the staircase. Depending on the architecture of the buildings, it is  known as a quarter landing staircase. The quarter steps make a 90-degree angle.

U- Shaped stairs

The U- shaped Stairs are also known as Half Turn stairs that make two 90 degrees angle in parallel position within the half-turn steps. These staircases have also common usage in the large residential areas or commercial areas. The people who are struggling with straight stairway find it better with the large turning point between steps for rest.

Winder stairs

The Winder staircase is a type of L- shaped stairs with some variations by forming pie shape steps and triangle shape steps between the staircases in a turning point. This design is commonly used in old homes and offices. These stairs are in wedge shape gives a turning point with 90 degrees on single winder step and 180 degrees with double winder steps.

Spiral Stairs

These stairs are typically found in contemporary homes, eateries, bars, beach houses, and other buildings. It has one central point through which all the footsteps are adjoining in an upward direction via floor giving it a centric view from the above portion.

Curved Stairs

The designs of curved staircases are elegant and create a lasting impression on business premises or residential premises. These stairways are most commonly designs at the entrance of the premises.

Ladder stair

These types of stairs are very useful for tight space areas with a spot on both sides. Ladder design is not used as the main stairs. They are usually helpful in connecting the floor area to the roof area. These staircases are available in a variety of design in the market. Depending on the internal layout of the house, the railings are attached in center of the steps or from the first to the last.

Split Stairs

These are the stairs that connect the ground floor to the upper floor in two different directions where two or more rooms in the building. These stairs are used as an entrance way in the large  houses where space is more. The design is known as bifurcated.


Floor is the surface of a room on which one stands. Flooring, on the other hand is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor. The purpose of flooring is to provide a horizontal, clean surface to support the occupants of a building, the furniture and equipment. Therefore the flooring must be strong enough to bear the super imposed loads. The material for floor covering is affected by factors such as cost, endurance, noise insulation, comfort and cleaning effort. There are three broad categories for flooring material options, namely Natural, Man-made and resilient. Our Construction Company offers you everything in one place within your budget requirements.


These include resilient materials like linoleum, vinyl, rubber and carpet. They are much less expensive than natural or man-made materials and may be laid quickly and easily.


These are generally cheaper, more durable, less-maintenance and quicker to lay than natural materials. However, as a manufactured product they do not have the natural textures or patterns and the sheen of natural materials.


These include naturally occurring materials like Marble, Granite, Kota, Slate, Wood etc.


In conclusion, we would like to state that engaging Architect Designers and Builders is the finest option for building the best and highest-quality staircase in both your business and domestic spaces. So, without searching a lot about construction companies just call our House Construction Company in Coimbatore that deals at affordable prices. Many Company serves all around the Nation and have many happy and satisfied clients with latest technology.


Cg Infra is the well-known civil construction companies in Coimbatore that provides reliable services at reasonable costs.

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