Compressed Natural Gas, also referred to as CNG, is a transparent, non-corrosive, odorless gas that is often utilized as a cleaner, more efficient, and cost-effective alternative to the conventional fuels used for vehicles. Commonly called “methane”, CNG is a natural gas that is compressed at a pressure of around 220 – 250 bar.
Natural gas comes originally from Russia, and unlike the traditional fuels, it is not combined with domestic gas and is of premium quality. The quality of CNG comes from the uniformly high percentage of methane. As the gas is in compressed form, an adequate amount of fuel can be stored inside the vehicle to prolong the driving range.
Here we will be discussing some of the benefits of using CNG for your vehicle and how might alternative fuels provide a solution for the current climate crisis.
- Environmental Benefits
One of the greatest benefits of CNG is that it burns relatively cleaner than conventional diesel and petrol. Carbon monoxide emissions are cut down by approximately 80%, and roughly 44% lesser hydrocarbons are generated in contrast to the gasoline-fueled vehicles. Also, CNG runs much quieter than diesel- and gasoline-powered vehicles, creating lesser noise pollution.
- Economic Benefits
CNG is more cost-effective as opposed to diesel and petrol. If the average consumption of a vehicle is 81/100 km of petrol, when it is converted to LPSG, its consumption will be 101/100 km of gas. However, when it is converted to CNG, its consumption would become around 5,5kg/100 km of methane. It is inevitable that you will be saving a great deal by opting for CNG.
You might be wondering how might alternative fuels provide a solution. In the case of a collision or an accident, the CNG cylinders are less hazardous than diesel and gasoline tanks owing to their structure, large size, and placement within the vehicle. These cylinders have in-built safety devices that are designed to emit the gas in case of a pressure or temperature fluctuation.
The ignition temperature of CNG is higher than that of traditional fuels, which suggests that CNG vehicles are not as likely to catch fire under any conditions. If there is a leak, CNG is relatively lighter than air, which means that it will eventually dissipate into the air, unlike diesel and gasoline, which will likely create a pool on the ground and create a fire hazard.
- Better Performance
Compressed natural gas engines deliver a better performance than gasoline and diesel engines as natural gas has an octane rating of roughly 130, as opposed to the octane levels of 95 and 98 of super and unleaded, respectively. One can agree that the advantages provided by CNG are incredibly appealing. In the coming future, we can predict that a lot more people will be getting on the CNG bandwagon as opposed to the more conventional options.