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Health and Medical

Infection Diseases Explained with Symptoms and Causes

Infection Diseases & Symptoms

In India, communicable disease incidences are very high. A large number of Indians continue to die annually due to preventable infectious diseases. They are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. These microorganisms multiply inside the healthy cells of the new host and cause diseases.

A few infectious diseases can be fatal or have long term risks. For example, human papillomavirus is linked to cervical cancer. There have been many other reports which have linked parasites to stomach cancer/peptic ulcers. This may lead to hospitalizations and high treatment costs. Such an unpredictable financial burden can be stressful. 

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Bajaj Health Insurance

But with the Bajaj Health Insurance, you can avail easy EMIs without a credit card. The Bajaj Finserv Health EMI Network Health Card comes with a pre-approved loan of Rs. 4 Lakhs that can be used at over 270 hospitals across India. The entire process can be done online with minimal documentation. If you have any further queries you can reach out to the Bajaj healthcare customer contact number on 1800-103-3535 or visit the official Website where you will immediately get a call back after filling in the requisite details. 

Common Causes For Infectious Diseases in India 

The infections can spread in multiple ways. They are transferred either directly i.e. from one person to another through the skin to skin contact, by insects or by animals or indirectly by touching a contaminated doorknob or tabletop or any other inanimate object. You may also be exposed to them by consuming contaminated food or water. Not many people get themselves vaccinated against such diseases which increases their chances of getting affected. 


You may be more immune to infectious diseases if you have a weak immune system or are taking steroids (which suppress the immune system) or you have been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS or you have certain types of cancer or any other disorder. Thus, a strong immune system is imperative to stay clear of infectious diseases. 

Lack of sanitation in certain areas like not washing hands adequately or not covering your mouth when coughing or sneezing increases the risk of spreading the diseases. These droplets may linger in the air for a short period of time and infect the other person who breathes in the same air. The most common diseases that are spread through airborne transmission include tuberculosis and the rubella virus. Some diseases spread through bodily fluids which transmits the infection into the new host. Body fluids include transmission through blood or saliva. 

Symptoms of Infectious Diseases 

Each disease has its own specific signs and symptoms. Some general signs include having: 

  • Mild or High Fever 
  • Extreme weakness 
  • Cough 
  • Throat ache 
  • Muscle aches 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Body pain 
  • Congestion
  • Headache 

Other more severe symptoms include having: 

  • Bloody diarrhea 
  • Nausea 
  • Dehydration 
  • Chills 

It is best to take adequate preventative measures to minimize the risk of getting infected. Proper hygiene standards and access to healthy food and clean drinking water can greatly reduce the onset of such diseases. 

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