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List of Interior Design Elements

Designing your home interior is not an easy job, you need a lot of patience and commitment.  Professional Interior Designing companies implement 7 element concepts for a proper design.

We cannot build beautiful home interiors without proper rules. So rules based designing concepts will outreach regular strategies.

Here are the list of 7 elements, which can be implemented in interior designing.

  • Space
  • Line
  • Forms
  • Light
  • Color
  • Texture and
  • Pattern


Space element is considered as one the fundamental concepts in interiors. Architects take advantage of space and create an illusion to make everything right. Space Element can be divided into two category

  • Positive Space and 
  • Negative Space

In simple terms, positive space contains objects like Furniture, Sofa, Table, Wardrobe, and other decorative items. 

On the other hand, Negative spaces are empty space or space without objects.

In fact it’s interior designers in chennai who manage the space perfectly. Balancing space is very important. Too much positive or negative space will decrease the creativity of your interior design. 

Theme based process can help you to balance the space. Minimalist design can help you achieve more negative space in spite of positive space. 

Traditional Themes will give more positive space rather than negative space. Finally the decision makers are the home owners, it doesn’t matter how creative the work is. Based on the need and preference of the customers, the architect must design the interiors. 


Lines play a crucial role in interior designing, because lines decide the theme of your interiors.  Object starts with the outliner. Architects use outliners to decide about the object size and shapes.

Lines can be classified as

  • Vertical Line
  • Horizontal Line
  • Dynamic Line

Vertical Line: Vertical lines are nothing but the windows, doors and columns. Vertical lines bring the illusion of room size. For example, implementing vertical lines properly will make the room look taller and stronger.  For Instance dining room entrance is the perfect example for a vertical line.

Horizontal Lines: Are you looking for stability and efficiency then horizontal lines are great for your design. Architects use horizontal lines to make the room wider and longer. Tables and furniture are great examples of horizontal lines.

Dynamic Line: Architects use dynamic lines to make the room more energetic and positive. Dynamic lines are used in the staircase case, usually people like the following lines: Diagonal, Zigzag. 


In other words form is nothing but the shape. Any artwork needs a shape. Shapes can be classified into two ways: Geometric and Natural. 

Geometric shapes will have sharp lines and edges. Some of the geometric shapes are Hardlines, Square, Sharp edges. These might look like a man made object. 

On the other hand, Natural Shapes. Where it will not look like a man made object, instead the overall look will be like a natural shape. Which got some soft edges and soft grips. 

In the Form element, proportion and scale plays a major role. It decides whether the room looks good or bad. 

Too much of anything is not good for your interiors. The same way we must make the object sizable and likable. 


We all know color is the heart of our interiors. Architects see color has some psychological benefits too. 

Proper color combination will trigger your emotions and mood. Psychology based interior design will motivate the home owners by giving positivity. 

Every room has a color principle, the color combination for the bedroom should be a dim color and at the same time the dining room and living room should have bright colors. 

Here are the list of colors and its purpose:

Red: Gives you passion and leadership

Blue: Great color for the person who needs a calm and silent lifestyle. Blue is calm and fresh. 

Orange: Bigger brands use orange colors, the main purpose of orange is to give positivity and harmony. 


Without light even earth wouldn’t look good right. The same way light is very important for interior design. 

Absence of a Light element will spoil every element of our designing project. Lights can be classified into two types

  • Natural Light.
  • Man Made Lights.

Natural Lights: 

Home interiors always need natural lights. So, it’s the architect job to bring natural light inside your home. A Proper location of windows and doors can bring sunlight.

Artificial Lights or Man Made Lights:

Always prefer natural lights, if the chances of natural lights is less then go for artificial light. Installing your artificial lights should not outreach the normal numbers, instead use minimal numbers for a perfect outcome. 

There are three types of artificial lights.

  • Task Lighting is used in offices & gym
  • Accent Lighting will be very helpful for Living room and dining room
  • Mood Lighting is for the bedroom.


Texture brings uniqueness into your interior design. There are two types of textures

  • Visual Texture
  • Actual Texture

Actual Texture: Actual Texture is nothing but real decorative items such as carpet, wool, etc., which gives you some real effect. 

Visual Texture: It’s an alternative to actual texture, where the design is made of artificial effects. 

Textures will always elevate the design of the home interiors. It doesn’t matter which design is installed, interior designers should be very creative to make the design very lucrative. 


Patterns are similar to texture however the usage is totally different from that. Architects use pattern calculations from the size and shape of the home. 

For every project elements are very important, apart from interior design elements there is something called as principles. Principles play a vital role for balancing the interior design project.

Principles of Interior Design. 

  • Balance
  • Emphasis and Focus
  • Rhythm
  • Proportion
  • Harmony and Unity

There are no specific important principles of interior design, each and every principle is crucial for every project.


Balance helps the designer to bring visual calmness to your interior design. It has two categories Symmetry and Asymmetry

Symmetry – Designers can achieve symmetry with visual mirror images of all our decorations. It’s something like visual pairs, for example if you have a bedroom and two lamps on the back of the bedroom will create a visual pair which is helpful to create a mirror concept.

Asymmetry: Asymmetry is a little bit harder, it’s nothing but using different items with different shapes and colors. Usually young interior designers learn this concept in wall photo decoration.

From Digital Point we call it masonry, where we decorate multiple wall art with different shapes but it looks fabulous. 

Colors and balance correlate to each other, they use different aspects but look beautiful as well.

Emphasis and Focus:

The principles of Emphasis and focus is nothing but creating the decoration in the focal point of the interior design. Interior designers always use focal point strategy to make everything look attractive. 

The ultimate goal of every homeowner is to draw viewers attention, Europeans and Americans use the fireplace as their focal point. 

Incase of indians, we use dining table and sofa as our focal point. Three components can achieve this emphasis 

  • Isolation
  • Contrast
  • Placement

Scale & Proportion:

Usually interior designers and architects must make a pre plan to implement scale and proportion. You need perfect plans because any failed ideas will cost you more money. 

Some of the basic elements implemented to manage perfect scale and proportion are

  • Placing Sofa and Furniture in the center of the space. Homeowners buy sofa sets bigger. Finally the proportionate space will be more than the negative space. 
  • Second problem is, homeowners place medium objects in front of a bigger object. So as a result the medium object might look even smaller than the bigger one.


Rhythm is nothing but a flow, for example the eyeball should travel across the places without any barrier. 

Only few international interior designers can achieve it, because architects should place the right object in a perfect place. 

Rhythm can be easily achieved by Repetition, Transition and Progression. 

  • Repetition : Too much repetition is not good which will spoil the entire design work.
  • Transition: Creating a continuous flow, say for example staircase we might see the flow and repetition but at one point the transition will be reduced and become nil.
  • Progression: This concept is really simple but cannot be implemented for many projects. You would have seen this concept in multiple places, for example bigger table, medium table and small table arrangements in a single space is known as progressions.

Harmony & Unity:

Harmony and Unity is nothing but to check all the principles are implemented correctly. The work will be really great if we follow the rules.

Several Elements join together to form unity, which is considered as the final stage of every interior designing project. 


Architects or interior designers need to follow rules to make the home interiors look attractive. So the 7 element concept will balance the beauty of the interiors. 

Professional interior designers have the capabilities to follow these rules. The above 7 element concept, Space, Line, Color, Light, Forms, Texture and Pattern cannot be avoided while designing your interiors

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